The Android platform was developed in the year 2003, by Andy Rubin, Rich Miner, Nick Sears, and Chris White with an intent as Rubin said, “To develop smarter mobile devices that are more aware of its owner’s location and preferences.”Apparently the initial commitment of the company was to focus on the development of an advanced operating system for Digital Cameras. Soon they realized that the market for these devices was not convincingly large enough, and so they ventured into the market of Smartphone Operating Systems. The iOS wasn’t launch then and the only competitors of the market Symbian and the Windows Mobile.
Android Inc. was acquired by Google in August 2005, and for the next 3 years the speculations about Google’s plans to venture into the Mobile Communications Market grew further. 2 years later (2007) on the 5th of November, Android was unveiled. It was then built on the Linux Kernel (version 2.6.25). However, it was only a year later that a Smartphone actually ran the first Android version and was made available to public. On October 22, 2008 HTC unveiled their flagship Android based smartphone HTC Dream, and so the journey of Android began and today it is one of the most powerful Mobile Platforms.
Android has come a long way since its maiden version was launched. There have been several developments over the years and Google has come up with enhanced versions of the OS; each released in alphabetical (except for versions 1.0 and 1.1) order as follows:
- Android alpha (1.0)
- Android beta (1.1)
- Cupcake (1.5)
- Doughnut (1.6)
- Eclair (2.0–2.1)
- Froyo (2.2–2.2.3)
- Gingerbread (2.3–2.3.7)
- Honeycomb (3.0–3.2.6)
- Ice Cream Sandwich (4.0–4.0.4)
- Jelly Bean (4.1–4.3.1)
- KitKat (4.4–4.4.4)
- “L” release (developer preview)
Dubbed as one of the most powerful mobile platforms in the world today, Android also has version to run Desktop PC’s, as well. Developers working on Android Platform have made sure that they improved the user experience and have been successful in upgrading the platform with each of its release. There are several unique features that make it worth its praise:
- NFC (Near Field Communication)
- Infrared Transmission
- Alternate Keyboards
- No-Touch Control
- Custom Home Launchers
- Wireless App Installation
- Removable Storage and Battery Swap
- Custom ROMs
- Custom Home Screens
Today, with the monopoly of mobile technology, everything has been simplified and basically people have become App-oriented so as to say. There are millions of Android Apps that serve an array of functions. Android apps have been developed for various needs and we can find apps for Shopping, Mobile Recharge, Movie Ticket Booking, Workout, and even Apps that give you the best coupons on offer.
Android’s latest update KitKat (4.4.4) was released on October 31, 2013, while the next update ‘Android L’ will be released in late 2014.